Today humans have driven mother earth on the brink of mass extinction. Nature is suffering due to human intervention and disruption in natural ecosystems. These human activities and poor decisions have led to climate change which has immensely affected food production.
The roller coaster ride of weather and other unpredictable disasters like droughts and floods also alters growing crop seasons. Furthermore, it limits water availability, compels fungi, pests and weeds to burgeon, which reduces crop productivity. Soil erosion is tapering off the 12% of land available for farming, whereas declining biodiversity restricts crops' pollination. Farming utilises 70% of world's freshwater with impending water scarcity farmers must conserve water and reduce agricultural inputs.
Every year 12% of greenhouse gases are produced by the agricultural sector denoting the necessary mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions through climate-smart practices. These climate changes are shaping agriculture in the worst way possible. Unfortunately, Australia is not far behind from potential climate change damage to its agriculture sectors. Australia is adversely affected by climate change.
In the Australian and global economy, agriculture plays a vital role. However, due to potential climate changes, agricultural industries of important producing countries, including Australia, may witness productivity and output decline in upcoming years. For example, the global production of sugar, dairy, beef and wheat could reduce. These changes would also severely impact international agricultural trade.
Australia falls under the most unfavourably influenced regions from projected climate changes regarding exports and agricultural production declines. Agriculture continuously needs to sustain strong productivity growth to address and withstand the potential pressures of climate change.
In these circumstances, adaptation options, including enhanced agricultural technologies, will decrease potential impacts. There is also an imperative need for policies that encourage rather than hinder adjustment in vulnerable sectors of agriculture, including already marginalized agricultural enterprises. Additional research and advancement are necessary for climate change adaptation and alleviation technologies and measures to efficiently counter climate change while maintaining and enhancing Australian industries' output and global competitiveness.
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